Traditional criminal la… The Act also sought to create a universally accessible adoption law for India. Republic Act No.9344 is “An Act Establishing a Comprehensive Juvenile Justice and Welfare System, Creating the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Council under the Department of Justice, Appropriating Funds Therefor and For Other Purposes” or otherwise known as the “Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006”. Many psychological studies point out the vulnerability of the 16 – 18 age group children because of hormonal and physical changes. Key provisions Change in nomenclature from ‘juvenile’ to ‘child’ or ‘child in conflict with law’, across the Act to remove the negative connotation associated with the word “juvenile” As per law, a juvenile is any individual below the age of 18. A heinous offence is one that attracts a maximum punishment of 7 years’ imprisonment under any existing law. The biggest question which has emerged is that the reduction of juvenile … About JJ Act: Replaced the 2000 act- the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. Heinous offences are those which are punishable with imprisonment of seven years or more • TheAct mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees in every district. This acts as a separate court for juveniles since they are not to be taken to a regular criminal court. Your email address will not be published. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2018 had been introduced in the Lok Sabha. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 received parliamentary approval on 22 December, 2015, replacing the pre-existing Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. The Act amended in 2015 changed the nomenclature of ‘juvenile’ to ‘child’ and ‘child in conflict with the law’. कि बच्चों की खरीद-फरोख्त से जुड़ी सजा में पांच साल की सजा और एक लाख रुपये तक का जुर्माना है! The crime will be examined by the Juvenile Justice Board to ascertain if the crime was committed as a 'child' or an 'adult'. In the amended law (2015 Act), the terms are ‘children in conflict with the law’ and ‘children in need of care and protection’; so that the distinction is clear. Under the act, a child is defined as someone who is under age 18. If no such extension has been sought by या यदि आप इस juvenile justice act 2015 से अधिक जानकारी प्राप्त करना चाहते हैं ! It also makes it compulsory for all child care institutions to be registered. In the 2000 Act, there was no distinction between children in conflict with the law and children in need of care and protection. In such environs, the minor will come into close contact with professional criminals, which can hamper their rehabilitation. The government amended the existing law dealing with children in conflict with the law citing implementational issues and procedural delays with adoption, etc. The Act seeks to hold the child accused of crime accountable, not through punishments, but through counselling. The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved a slew of amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, empowering the District Magistrates (DM) … Any minor of the age group 16 – 18 and who has been accused of committing a heinous crime can be tried like an adult. . इसमें बच्चों को नशीले पदार्थ देने बच्चों को खरीदने और बेचने बच्चों के खिलाफ क्रूरता आदि से संबंधित दंड शामिल हैं ! Rehabilitation is of utmost importance to avoid children in conflict with the law from becoming future liabilities for society. . The legislation strives to achieve a balance between child rights and justice by not sentencing juveniles to the death sentence and life imprisonment. One is known as the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000, which was passed in India to prevent childrens' names and information from being printed in any public media outlet when they were under protective custody for any reason. According to Section 94(2) (iii) of the JJ Act, in a situation where the accused is not able to produce his/her date of birth certificate or matriculation certificate, ossification test is used to determine whether his/her claim to being a juvenile holds good or not. Juvenile justice act जानिए क्या है किशोर न्याय अधिनियम, कुछ हम बोले कुछ तुम बोलो Love Story in Hindi, जानिए क्या है किशोर न्याय अधिनियम juvenile justice act - India Hindi News, On Today In History किसी भी तारीख का इतिहास देंखे - India Hindi News, National food security act 2013 In Hindi NFSA - India Hindi News, राशिफल 23 फ़रवरीHoroscope today 23 February, सेब के फायदे हिंदी में top 10 Benefits of apple in hindi, राशिफल 22 फ़रवरी Horoscope today 22 February, राशिफल 21 फ़रवरी Horoscope today 21 February, राशिफल 20 फ़रवरी Horoscope today 20 February, राशिफल 19 फ़रवरी Horoscope today 19 February, राशिफल 18 फ़रवरी Horoscope today 18 February, राशिफल 17 फ़रवरी Horoscope today 17 February, आज का राशिफल हिंदी में Horoscope today in hindi. Under the previous Act, any minor, regardless of the crime committed, could be convicted only to a maximum of 3 years. A petty offence is one that attracts a maximum of 3 years’ imprisonment. The Board is meant to be a child-friendly place and not intimidating for the child. The Committees have the power to dispose of cases for the care, protection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of the children in need of care and protection, as well as to provide for their basic needs and protection. Considering offences committed in this age as crimes and putting them in adult jails can cause further damage. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2015 provides for Children in Conflict with Law (CCL) to be tried as adults under certain circumstances. By John Kelly. कि कानून तोड़ने वाले नाबालिगों से जुड़े मुद्दों से निपटने में यह विधेयक किस हद तक सफल है।, juvenile justice act 2015 का नियम व् कानून भारत के हर राज्य में अलग अलग है ! Juvenile Justice In India: Questions That Need To Be Asked The public outcries at the release of the juvenile convicted in the Nirbhaya rape case sent ripples across the country, forcing parliamentarians to debate and pass the amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act in the 2015 winter session. Some of the important benefits of this Act are: The amended JJA also has certain negatives associated with it. . There is a clear distinction between children in conflict with the law and children in need of protection and care. Juvenile Justice (Care And Protection Of Children) Act, 2015. Most heinous crimes have a minimum or maximum sentence of seven years. जिनकी आयु 8 वर्ष से अधिक है लेकिन 16 वर्ष से कम है, भारतीय कानून के अनुसार जुवेनाइल वह व्यक्ति है जिसकी उम्र 18 साल से कम है तथा इस नियम के तहत एक अपराधी को जब तक कोई सजा नहीं मिलती तब तक उसकी उम्र कम से कम 7 साल ना हो जाये, सरकार ने अगस्त 2014 में जुवेनाइल जस्टिस बिल लोकसभा में पेश किया। इसमें कहा गया कि वर्तमान जुवेनाइल जस्टिस एक्ट, 2000 के क्रियान्वयन में कई समस्याएं थीं और इससे जुड़ी चीजें प्रक्रियागत देरी का सामना कर रही थीं।, इसके अलावा, सरकार ने राष्ट्रीय अपराध रिकॉर्ड ब्यूरो ( NCRB ) के आंकड़ों का हवाला देते हुए कहा कि नाबालिगों, विशेषकर नाबालिगों द्वारा 16-18 वर्ष की आयु में किए गए अपराधों में वृद्धि हुई है।, अपराधियों की संख्या 54 फीसदी से बढकर 66 फीसदी हो गई ! By including the provision for 16 to 18 year-olds to be tried like adults in case of heinous crimes, it provides justice to the victims of such crimes. . Juvenile Justice Act – Indian Polity:- Download PDF Here. इस बिल में अपराधी को जघन्य मामलो में 3 साल से लेकर 7 साल तक की जेल का प्रावधान किया गया है ! Your email address will not be published. . The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (Hereinafter JJ Act, 2015) is a new legislation which repeals the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000. The Act provides for an efficient and organized system for the adoption of orphaned, surrendered and abandoned children. Also, there is a need to foster a culture of open communication between parents and children among all classes. Some of the problems in the law are discussed below. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 has come into force from January 15, 2016 and repeals the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. The government also cited figures from the National Crime Records Bureau to show that there had been a hike in the number of juveniles committing crimes, particularly in the age bracket of 16 to 18 years. All children below the age of 18 would be treated equally except for one departure from the norm. The Juvenile Justice Act may refer to one of several things. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. . This is an important legislation in India that is also relevant for the GS Paper-II of the UPSC exam. That is, in the case of heinous crimes. A 12-year-old boy was caught in the act of sexually assaulting a 14-year-old female acquaintance by the victim's 16-year-old brother, who had arrived home and observed the juveniles in the act. The 2000 Act also did not have provisions for the reporting of. The State Governments set up these committees in districts in accordance with the provisions of the Act. Functioning of the act. Prevention is better than cure. . Changes in JJ act,2015 • The bill allows for juveniles 16 years or older to be tried as adults for heinous offences like rape and murder. 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Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani said district magistrates (DMs) along with additional district magistrates (ADMs) will monitor the functioning of various agencies under the JJ Act in every district. The Indian Jails Committee (1919-20) also made some recommendations with regard to children in conflict with the law. There is a need to ensure that children do not turn to crime at all, in the first place. Some opine that the treating of minors between 16 and 18 years differently is a violation of Article 14 of the Constitution, which guarantees every citizen the. juvenile justice act 2015 संसोधन अधिनियम के तहत नाबालिग अपराधी की उम्र 18 वर्ष से घटाकर 16 वर्ष कर दी गई है ! एक बच्चे को नशा देने पर सात साल की कैद और एक लाख रुपये तक के जुर्माने का प्रावधान है ! मानव संसाधन विकास संबंधी स्थायी समिति ने विधेयक की जांच करते हुए कहा कि एनसीआरबी के आंकड़े भ्रामक हैं क्योंकि वे प्राथमिकी पर आधारित हैं न कि आरोपियों की सजा पर। समिति ने यह भी पाया कि विधेयक कुछ संवैधानिक प्रावधानों का भी उल्लंघन करता है ! It mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committeesin every district. इसके बाद, बच्चे के लिए एक सामाजिक जांच रिपोर्ट तैयार की जाती है ! vs. State of NCT of Delhi and Ors. इस बिल में बच्चों के खिलाफ अपराधों के लिए कई सजाओं का उल्लेख किया गया है! The amended act changed that. It intends to amend the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. Also, minors who do get into crime should be held accountable depending on the circumstances. One of the primary reasons for the introduction of this act was to address the commission of heinous offences by juveniles aged 16-18. 3. Psychological assessment is to be made to assess whether the minor can be treated as an adult or not. from Lloyd Law College. . Looming Questions for Child Welfare, Juvenile Justice in 2021. जिसे कानून की नजर में किशोर अपराध या बाल अपराध कहा जाता है! Juvenile justice act 2015 से रिलेटेड 30 से भी अधिक प्रश्न उत्तर . लोक सभा में कुछ संसधानो के बाद मई 2015 में juvenile justice act 2015 लागु … It was enacted to correct the deficiencies in the previous legislation. The amendment in the 2000 law came about because of public outrage at the infamous Delhi gang-rape case (Nirbhaya Case) in 2012. कि अपराध में कमी के लिए उनका महत्व इस बात पर निर्भर करता है ! The 12-year-old juvenile suspect, in addition to sexually assaulting the victim, … इसलिए इस बिल का प्रसताव जरुरी था, वर्तमान में, किशोर न्याय (बच्चों की देखभाल और संरक्षण) अधिनियम, 2000 निर्धारित करता है कि उन बच्चों से कैसे निपटें जो कानून को अपने हाथों में लेते हैं और जिन्हें देखभाल और सुरक्षा की आवश्यकता होती है। नया बिल जुवेनाइल जस्टिस एक्ट 2000 की जगह लेने वाला है, जो दोनों बच्चों से जुड़े मामलों की प्रक्रियाओं में बदलाव का आह्वान करता है।, इस बिल में, जो दो ऐसे निकायों पर दिया गया है, जो इन बच्चों से संबंधित मामलों को देखेंगे। ये दो निकाय हर जिले में स्थापित किए जाएंगे और ये हैं: किशोर न्याय बोर्ड ( J J B ) और बाल कल्याण समिति ( C W C )। इसके अलावा, कानून के तहत गोद लेने की प्रक्रियाओं और सजा के प्रावधानों के बारे में जानकारी दी गई है।, 2000 के अधिनियम के अनुसार, यदि कोई बच्चा कानून तोड़ता है, चाहे वह किसी भी तरह का अपराध हो, तो उसे अधिकतम तीन साल तक बाल सुधार गृह में रखा जा सकता है। बच्चे को किसी भी परिस्थिति में तीन साल से अधिक की सजा नहीं दी जा सकती है, न ही उस पर वयस्क की तरह मुकदमा चलाया जा सकता है और उसे वयस्क जेल में भेजा जा सकता है।, 18 साल से कम उम्र के अपराधियों के लिए प्रस्तावित बिल में भी यही बात कही गई है, लेकिन इसमें एक बदलाव हुआ है। इस विधेयक के अनुसार, 16-18 आयु वर्ग के किशोर, जो जघन्य अपराध करते हैं, उन पर वयस्कों की तरह मुकदमा चलाया जाना चाहिए।. Learn about interview questions and interview process for 44 companies. कानून की नजर में उसे किशोर अपराधी कहा जाता है! This law allowed the courts to treat children who had committed petty crimes as apprentices instead of sending them to prisons. फिर समिति तय करती है कि बच्चे को बाल संरक्षण गृह में रखा जाए या उसे गोद लिया जाए या कोई अन्य उपाय किया जाए जो बच्चे के लिए सही हो ! However, this can be subjective and not entirely scientific. It also gives definitions for petty, serious and heinous crimes by children. Justice Act, 2015, by the central government deserves special mention in this regard. This data is itself questioned by many, and also, many of the cases were in the FIR stage and under preliminary proceedings only. Required fields are marked *, The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2018 had been introduced in the Lok Sabha. It also gives provisions for children in need of care and protection. (Hons.) 7 Juvenile Justice No. Indian Legal System > Criminal Laws > Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 > Objects of the Juvenile Justice Act In the last few decades, the crime rate by children under the age of 16 years has increased. UPSC Questions related to Juvenile Justice Act. It allows for juveniles in conflict with Law in the age group of 16–18, involved in Heinous Offences, to be tried as adults. Child victims of trafficking and drug abuse and those abandoned by their guardians will be included in the definition of “child in need of care” and protection, Irani said. There was a great need to have an efficient juvenile justice system to control the growing crime rate in India. The JJ Act, 2015 replaced the Indian juvenile delinquency law, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. This article basically talks about the new juvenile act of 2015 and the questions and criticism which have emerged with the introduction of this Act. or lost children to the appropriate authorities, in order to ensure their protection and care. Choose from 500 different sets of juvenile justice flashcards on Quizlet. The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Women and Child Development to amend the Juvenile Justice … तो आप हमें तुरंत comment करे हम आपका इंतजार कर रहे होंगे ! Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2015 and its Provisions. Under earlier laws, the distinction between children in conflict with the law and children in need of care and protection was vague, as both were termed juveniles. . अगर आपके पास इस अधिनियम के बारे में कोई सुझाव या शिकायत है, तो हमें कमेंट बॉक्स में बताएं ! This article is written by Sri Vaishnavi.M.N., a first-year student of Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Vishakapatanam and Rohit Raj, a Student pursuing B.A.LLB. जबकि कोई जघन्य अपराध नहीं है तो न्यूनतम 3 साल तक की जेल होना संभव है, आओ जाने 30 + प्रश्नों का जवाब जो हर इन्सान को समझना जरुरी है. India Hindi News भारत का एक मात्र ऐसा News चैनल है जो हमेशा आपको वही खबर देता है जिसकी जानकारी होना आपको जरुरी है, India Hindi News हर एक जानकारी सटीक होने का दावा करता है, India Hindi News हर एक खबर को एक category में बाटता है ताकी आप को समझने में आसानी हो, India Hindi News को  विश्वाश और प्यार देने के लिए बहुत बहुत आभार, Juvenile justice act 2015 30+Questions (and Answers). Hence, the JJA, 1986 was repealed and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 was enacted. At present, the Act has … In addition, the following links given below will also help in strengthening the candidate’s preparation for the Polity Segment of the UPSC Exams: The Juvenile Justice Act (JJA) pertains to provisions for children found in conflict with the law in India. This is a judiciary body before which children detained or accused of a crime are brought. The second law that dealt with juvenile offenders was the Reformatory Schools Act, 1876. The Juvenile Justice Act, 1986: This was the first central law on juvenile justice that provided a uniform law for the whole country in this respect. However, this changed with the 2015 amendment. The Director of Public Prosecutions must give written consent to a private individual who She said a bill in this regard would be brought in Parliament to amend The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015, that will expand its purview. In order to reduce crime among children, there is a need to provide a better environment for the nurture of children who grow up in slum areas. For this, the Juvenile Justice Board would assess the child’s physical and mental capacities, his/her ability to comprehend the consequences of the crime, etc. Its aim is towards the amendment of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. The Act gives more clarity on the functions and powers of the Juvenile Justice Board and the Child Welfare Commission. This development comes after the infamous Mukesh & Anr. Aim: To Comprehensively address children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection. लोक सभा में कुछ संसधानो के बाद मई 2015 में juvenile justice act 2015 लागु किया गया जिसमे कुछ बदलाव किये गये है वो इस प्रकार है. (Nirbhaya case). The argument to include 16 – 18-year-old minors in a special bracket was based on the data from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). A serious offence is one that attracts imprisonment of 3 to 7 years. The Act defines orphaned, surrendered and abandoned children. Juvenile Justice Jeopardy™ (JJJ) teaches youth how to navigate interactions with police and peers, understand the legal consequences of their actions, as well as strategies for desistance from peer pressure to engage in risky behavior.The game also teaches youth the short and long term legal consequences of having arrest and court records. Therefore, there was a felt need to bring out a handbook that would incorporate the additions and changes, especially with reference to the new Juvenile Justice Act, 2015, and would also serve as a In addition, as per Section 83 of the IPC, “Nothing is an offence which is done by a child who is above 7 years of age and under 12 who has not attained the sufficient maturity of understanding in order to judge the nature and consequence of his act on that particular occasion.”, Your email address will not be published. It came into force on January 15, 2016 in India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.1 The JJA, 2015 has taken a step backward in the modern history of juvenile justice in India which began in 1850. The JJA, 2015 introduced many changes to the existing law based on the requirements of the day in terms of reforming the laws and making the juvenile justice system more responsive to the changing circumstances of society. According to the Juvenile Justice Act 2015, juveniles charged with heinous crimes and who would be between the ages of 16-18 years would be tried as adults and processed through the adult justice system. In India, No. यह बिल बच्चों की देखभाल और सुरक्षा के लिए है! Juvenile Justice Act - UPSC Polity Notes The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2018 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha. According to laws in India, any child below the age of 7 cannot be convicted under any law for any crime. Required fields are marked *. 101 juvenile justice interview questions. जानिए पूरी जानकारी क्या है किशोर न्याय अधिनियम juvenile justice act, यहाँ हमने juvenile justice act 2015 के बारे में बताया! नहीं, यह नहीं है, लेकिन इसका मतलब है ! It seeks to reduce crimes committed by children between the ages of 16 and 18. Most children who commit crimes are from the economically weaker sections of society. Kickstart your UPSC 2021 Preparation today! The new bill will allow minors in the age group of 16-18 to be tried as adults if they commit heinous crimes. today news latest Hindi News Breaking News Latest khabar हिंदी समाचार samachar by Gulab Chand Jonwal and Mekhraj bairwa ! and determine whether the child can be treated as an adult. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE ACT, 2018 A GUIDE TO THE JUVENILE JUSTICE ACT, 2018 A GUIDE TO THE JUVENILE PROCEEDINGS AGAINST JUVENILES The Director of Public Prosecutions shall conduct pre- charge screening before a juvenile is charged. In 1992, the government of India ratified the  United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child which made it expedient to have a law that conformed to the standards of the Convention. In 1960, the Children Act was passed to provide for the care, maintenance, protection, welfare, education, training, trial and rehabilitation of neglected and delinquent children. One of the offenders in the case was a 17-year-old. The reason for increasing the crime rate is may be due to the upbringing environment of the child, economic conditions, lack of education, and parental care. यह देखना बाकी है ! कि किस जनसंख्या पर विचार किया जा रहा है ! 44, 1992 149 Community service to be performed within limited period . This is in contravention to the amended law that gives provisions for treating 16 – 18 year-olds like adults. यदि कोई बच्चा अनाथ हो जाता है या उसे छोड़ दिया जाता है, तो उसे 24 घंटे के भीतर बाल कल्याण समिति के समक्ष लाया जाता है।. The Apprentices Act, 1850, was the first law enacted in India dealing with children in conflict with the law. The next year could prove to be less chaotic, but even more trying for the fields of child welfare, juvenile justice, ... And that was with a sizable amount of federal aid sent to states as part of the American Recovery and Restoration Act. 02 JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM ACT 2018 JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM ACT 2018 03 (6) Where the case is not decided within six months in terms of sub-section the Juvenile Court shall seek extension from the High Court concerned explaining the reasons for not being able to decide the case within prescribed time-limit. The JJA, 2015 replaced the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000. The Board comprises of a judicial magistrate of the first class and two social workers, one of whom at least should be a woman. One of the main provisions of the new Act was allowing the trial of juveniles in conflict with law in the age group of 16-18 years as adults, in cases where the crimes were to be determined. This is important legislation in India that is also relevant for the GS Paper-II of the IAS exam. There are many positives in the 2015 JJA. The Juvenile Justice Act, 1986: This was the first central law on juvenile justice that provided a uniform law for the whole country in this respect. Learn juvenile justice with free interactive flashcards. Its aim is towards the amendment of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. According to this Convention, any individual below the age of 18 is to be treated like a child. साथ ही यह भी कहा गया है ! और कहा कि बाल अपराधियों के प्रति दृष्टिकोण सुधारात्मक और पुनर्वास केंद्रित होना चाहिए ! . In 1992, the government of India ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child which made it expedient to have a law that conformed to the standards of the Convention. The nature of the crime, and whether the juvenile should be tried as a minor or a child, was to be determined by a Juvenile Justice Board. India ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1992. Any individual under the age of 18 is a child. A revamped Juvenile Justice Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on 7 May 2015. The scope of the Juvenile Justice Act has also been expanded. जब कोई भी बच्चा कानून-विरोधी काम करता है या समाज-विरोधी काम करता है या राष्ट्र-विरोधी काम करता है! This is important legislation in India that is also relevant for the GS Paper-II of the. The Act also gives the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) statutory status. It mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees in every district. Under no circumstances could the minor be tried in an adult court or sent to an adult jail, or given a penalty longer than 3 years. अधिक जानकारी के लिए आपको वेबसाइट www.mekhrajbairwa.com पर जाना होगा, Your email address will not be published. . About JJ Act: Replaced the 2000 act- the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. History of Legislation concerning Children in Conflict with the Law. . It makes the registration of all children’s homes mandatory, bringing in more transparency and efficiency in the system. जो की राज्य सरकार के दुवारा बनाये गए है. THE JUVENILE Justice Act, 2015 (hereinafter JJA, 2015) as passed by Parliament received the assent of the President of India on December 13, 2015. इसे किशोर न्याय अधिनियम कहा जाता है! Aim: To Comprehensively address children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection. Crimes committed by children पांच साल की सजा और एक लाख रुपये तक का है! 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