How To Add PPA To Ubuntu, Debian Repository? We can list currently available updates of the current system with these apt and apt-get commands in different ways. The ‘autoclean‘ command deletes all .deb files from /var/cache/apt/archives to free-up significant volume of disk space. We can see that the following information about the updateable packages is provided. I would like a functionality similar to apt-cache in Ubuntu. To download only source code of particular package, use the option ‘–download-only source‘ with ‘package-name’ as shown. For example, to list all available packages: grep-available -s Package . The ‘update‘ command is used to resynchronize the package index files from the their sources specified in /etc/apt/sources.list file. I have used following tools apt, apt-get, aptitude, yum, apt-check script and apticron to list updates. It also can be combined with one or more package names (wild marks accepted). Tecmint: Linux Howtos, Tutorials & Guides © 2021. For example, the following command will remove an installed package with its dependencies. It used to update package cache and checks for broken dependencies. $ apt-cache pkgnames. And with. The apt-cache command line tool is used for searching apt software package cache. And now we can start the process. Have a question or suggestion? For example, if you would like to check information of package along with it short description say (version number, check sums, size, installed size, category etc). You can also download, unpack and compile the source code at the same time, using option ‘–compile‘ as shown below. The apt-cache command provides option to check all the unmet dependencies of various available packages on your system. The above command shows upgrade is available for 37 packages installed on your ubuntu server. I specifically need to look into list of packages that are installed in my system. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. I hope you enjoyed reading this article, If I’ve missed anything and you would like me to add to the list. If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command. You can also subscribe without commenting. APT uses a location configuration file (/etc/apt/sources.list) to locate the desired packages, which might be available on the network or a removable storage medium, for example, and retrieve them, and also obtain information about available (but not installed) packages. will list all the packages available but i need only those which are installed in my system. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them. When you search for ‘apache’, Synaptic will display on one screen all packages with ‘apache’ in the name or the description, and whether they are installed or not. The ‘upgrade‘ command is used to upgrade all the currently installed software packages on the system. To un-install software packages without removing their configuration files (for later re-use the same configuration). The ‘–only-upgrade‘ command do not install new packages but it only upgrade the already installed packages and disables new installation of packages. In simple words, this tool is used to search software packages, collects information of packages and also used to search for what available packages are ready for installation on Debian or Ubuntu based systems. If software updates are available, you can get the updates with sudo apt update and install the updates with sudo apt full-upgrade, which will upgrade all of your packages. apt-get install myPackage=1.2.3 a specific version could be installed. Update software list using aptitude command . sudo apt update When apt is updating, it outputs a list of repositories it fetches. Please feel free to mention in the comment below. How to find which package provides a file in Linux Mint? But how getting a list of all available versions. In this example we are going to list what are the packages is associated with “file_server” group. To list all the available packages, type the following command. apt-get upgrade apt-get upgrade command will update currently installed packages to latest version if package update is available. I had to use apt clean to fix a bad installation issue, and don’t know how to download again all the .deb files again, which I used in my installation, since I usually need to reinstall packages that I need from offline places. How to Use 8 Useful ‘Debian Goodies Utilities’ to Manage Debian Packages, How to Find Linux Server Geographic Location in Terminal, 3 Ways to List All Installed Packages in RHEL, CentOS and Fedora, Assign Read/Write Access to a User on Specific Directory in Linux, How to Delete HUGE (100-200GB) Files in Linux, How to List All Running Services Under Systemd in Linux. If the package does not exists in the local repository it will return an error code. If there a apt-cache –only-download “all-installed” type of command ? Alternatively, you can combine both the commands together as shown below. This ‘build-dep‘ command searches the local repositories in the system and install the build dependencies for package. To lists all packages installed on your system run the following command: For example, the following command will only download ‘nethogs‘ package to current working directory. The ‘check‘ command is a diagnostic tool. The ‘stats‘ sub command will display overall statistics about the cache. Packages The OpenWrt distributions provide several thousand packages to extend the functionality of your device. For instance, if you have enabled both stable and testing repositories, you can easily find the list of applications from testing and also you can upgrade all packages in testing. How to find the available packages’ versions with aptitude on Linux? Method-1: Using apt list –upgradable Command. be able to search for packages given a term (similar to apt-cache search [package-name]), and; list all available packages. For my use case I wanted a list of packages from multiple repos matching the same dist release, specifically Jessie. The ‘clean‘ command is used to free up the disk space by cleaning retrieved (downloaded) .deb files (packages) from the local repository. For example, use the ‘showpkg‘ command along with package-name. As part of its operation, Apt uses a file that lists the 'sources' from which packages can be obtained. All Rights Reserved. A better way is to use this command: apt -qq list program_name --installed. TecMint is the fastest growing and most trusted community site for any kind of Linux Articles, Guides and Books on the web. Hi, How can i search through installed applications ? Let’s say you would like to find out description of package ‘vsftpd‘, then command would be. Does the apt-cache send the current cache information ( like the list of pkg names and it’s version) to server then the server sends what has changed? To find and list down all the packages starting with ‘vsftpd‘, you could use the following command. To display a list of packages satisfying certain criteria such as show matching apache2 packages, run apt list apache; Let us see some examples,. Typically we run the following two commands to update all packages: $ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade ## OR ## $ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade. This article explains how quickly you can learn to install, remove, update and search software packages using apt-get and apt-cache commands from the command line. Holding back packages when using apt-get/apt (method 1) The apt-mark method works with both installed and uninstalled packages. What Is Space (Whitespace) Character ASCII Code? Apt-show-versions is not installed by default. The ‘install‘ sub command is tracked by one or more packages wish for installation or upgrading. List all installed packages. How to Install Wine 6.0 on Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint, How to Co-author Documents in Linux with ONLYOFFICE Docs, How to Install Latest Vim Editor in Linux Systems, How to Manage Virtual Machines in KVM Using Virt-Manager, How to Create Virtual Machines in KVM Using Virt-Manager. You need to instal… Sorry if I was not clear. To find out the package name and with it description before installing, use the ‘search‘ flag. To download and unpack source code of a package to a specific directory, type the following command. And this way, it only looks for programs that are installed. I can then limit the results with grep "installed" or grep -v "installed". `name` of the package `repository` of the package `newer version` of the package `older or current version` of the package; List Available Updates with apt-get. There are two major ways that you can go about completing this task. However, installing packages requires super user privileges, which on an Ubuntu system uses sudo. Use ‘show‘ sub command as shown below. So how do I re-download all .deb files that were installed on my system (official and ppa repositories) ? apt-cache search --installed keyword does not work. Using sub ‘–no-upgrade‘ command will prevent already installed packages from upgrading. With the help of regular expression you can add several packages with one string. Please keep in mind that all comments are moderated and your email address will NOT be published. We can also use apt-get command with the specified options where it will provide less information according to apt command. If you like what you are reading, please consider buying us a coffee ( or 2 ) as a token of appreciation. The command to list all packages available in repository-name is the one that follows: grep ^Package /var/lib/apt/lists/repository-name*_Packages | awk '{print $2}' | sort -u I'll explain later on how to find out the repository name from /var/list/apt/lists and how to use it. use the GUI tool, Synaptic. 37 packages can be upgraded. List Installed Packages with Apt # Apt is a command-line interface for the package management system and combines the most commonly used functionalities from apt-get and apt-cache including an option to list installed packages. whether those dependencies packages are installed or not. We can list updateable or upgradeable packages for Linux distributions like Ubuntu, Debian, Mint, Kali etc. To list the installed packages on your Ubuntu system use the following command: Let’s say you wish to install only specific version of packages, simply use the ‘=‘ with the package-name and append desired version. $ sudo apt-get -u upgrade --assume-no List Available … I would like to be able to search for an available Python package using pip (on the terminal). The ‘autoremove‘ sub command is used to auto remove packages that were certainly installed to satisfy dependencies for other packages and but they were now no longer required. I’ve covered most of the available options with apt-get and apt-cache commands, but still there are more options available, you can check them out using ‘man apt-get‘ or ‘man apt-cache‘ from the terminal. Now we can list available updates with the apt command by providing list --upgradeable options. How the cache is created, refreshed (is it periodic, once a day or manual). apt and apt-get provides online package update for the deb based distributions. It also displays the list of all upgradeable packages. You might want to use the grep command/egrep command to filter out: $ apt list | grep nginx OR apt-show-versions -a myPackage I would get a list of versions that are known by the system. apt list –upgradable command returns a list of the packages to be updated in list format. To list the installed software packages on your machine you can use the following command: sudo apt list --installed The output of the command will be very similar to the following one, depending on which packages are currently installed: It is possible to add a search pattern to list packages: dpkg-query -l 'foo*' Show status of all packages on the system Run the apt command: Use the ‘showpkg‘ sub command to check the dependencies for particular software packages. This following command will download all installed packages to directory /var/cache/apt/archives. This host has multiple jessie repos configured, Dell's linux repo and the Debian archives for some dependencies. Hosting Sponsored by : Linode Cloud Hosting. Let us list all software packages on Ubuntu Linux available for us: $ apt list. esseract-ocr-epo pipenightdreams mumudvb tbb-examples libsvm-java libmrpt-hmtslam0.9 libboost-timer1.50-dev kcm-touchpad g++-4.5-multilib ... 2. I am still using trusty 14.04.5 (64 bits) here. In particular I want to search with a keyword in both package name and description for installed package? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Using “search” with apt-cache will display a list of matched packages with short description. We are thankful for your never ending support. List All Repository Packages. It was introduced in Ubuntu 14.04 and combines the most commonly used commands from apt-get and apt-cache including an option to list installed packages. Package database of 19.07 We can use  aptitude command in order to list upgradeable packages. $ sudo dpkg -l | grep "^ii"| awk ' {print $2} ' | xargs sudo apt-get -y install --reinstall --download-only. 1. More specifically, I would like to. to search or browse the thousands of published articles available FREELY to all. The following command will list out all the packages that you can update, what their current versions are, and what the new version is. But you can find the list from a cache file, which contains list of available package to that repository with other details. You can list all available packages with the apt-cache command. We can see from the screenshot that only the updateable package names are provided. We can see that the following information about the updateable packages is provided. 1. How To Delete/Remove Git Branch Local and Remote? For example, we use * wildcard to install several packages that contains the ‘*name*‘ string, name would be ‘package-name’. # tasksel --task-desc "lamp-server" Selects a ready-made Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP server. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. xenial-updates (admin): install packages using the apt protocol - KDE frontend [universe] 0.5.2ubuntu11.2: amd64 arm64 armhf i386 powerpc ppc64el s390x This page is also available in the following languages: Apt-show-versionscommand is used to list installed and available package versions in Debian and Debian-based systems. Before installing, it is possible to check the available versions of a package with the apt-cache madison command. The ‘changelog‘ flag downloads a package change-log and shows the package version that is installed. We can update/upgrade available updates with apt , apt-get and aptitude commands like below. We can see in the last line of the screenshot that the total numbers of the available updates are provided which is 3 in this case. The command to list installed packages will be: sudo apt list –-installed We will use the search option where to select the upgrade flagged packages. Log into Ubuntu server as user with sudo privilege or as ‘root’ user 2. Please leave a comment to start the discussion. In our golf search one of the available packages was kolf, so we’ll use that as our package for the following examples. What Is Python (Programming Language and Features)? Millions of people visit TecMint! 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The update command fetched the packages from their locations and update the packages to newer version. It seems obvious, but I've just realised what the GET URLs are that it spits out.. APT stands for Advanced Package Tool, it is a high-level command-line software manager for Debian-based systems like Ubuntu, Linux mint. The apt, apt-get and apt-cache are quickly used commands to manage packages and configuration on system. I know with. Using apt command (above Ubuntu 14.04) Since ubuntu 14.04 we have a new command called "apt". 1) Check the available versions of packages Sometimes you can face issues or bug with a version of a package, this may cause you to choose a version which doesn't encounter bugs. This file is /etc/apt/sources.list and you need to edit it with some either CLI editor o text editor, we will use the nano editor in this case: sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list It is quite handy if you have a mixed stable/testing environment. How to find whether a package is installed on Linux Mint? List Installed Packages with Apt # apt is a command-line interface for the package management system. Conclusion. With version and architecture information, and description, in a table: dpkg-query -l. Package names only, one per line: dpkg-query -f '${binary:Package}\n' -W List packages using a search pattern. You can add more than one package name along with the command in order to install multiple packages at the same time. Find the total count of packages and filter some of the packages I am interested in. Instead of using the CLI tool ‘apt-cache’. To list all the available packages, type the following command. For example, the following command will display Total package names is the number of packages have found in the cache. Following this version, the apt command can be used to list the installed packages.. In APT-based systems, you can find the list of installed packages from a particular repository, for example docker, using command: $ aptitude search "?origin (docker) ?installed" i containerd.io - An open and reliable container runtime i docker-ce - Docker: the open-source application container en i docker-ce-cli - Docker CLI: the open … Learn how your comment data is processed. Since the list of installed packages is a huge one, it would be a better idea to use grep and filter the output for a certain package. Under any circumstances currently installed packages are not removed or packages which are not already installed neither retrieved and installed to satisfy upgrade dependencies. $ yum list It's not a format suitable for blindly copying to another machine, but users who wish to work out whether they've added a repository yet or not (like I did), you can just do:. To remove software packages including their configuration files, use the ‘purge‘ sub command as shown below. $ apt list --upgradeable List Available Updates with apt. The material in this site cannot be republished either online or offline, without our permission. This article provides some useful commands that will help you to handle package management in Debian/Ubuntu based systems. Using ‘download‘ option, you can download any given package without installing it. Edit the apt sources.list file with some editor. The apt-get utility is a powerful and free package management command line program, that is used to work with Ubuntu’s APT (Advanced Packaging Tool) library to perform installation of new software packages, removing existing software packages, upgrading of existing software packages and even used to upgrading the entire operating system. Ubuntu uses apt which is a command-line tool to help package management.apt was introduced in Ubuntu 14.04. Read Also : 20 Useful Linux YUM Commands for Package Management. apt list --installed | grep program_name. For example, the following command will install packages ‘nethogs‘ and ‘goaccess‘. `older or current version` of the package. How to find which package can be installed for a file, like “yum provides”? Debian / Ubuntu / Linux Mint. Apt don’t provide any command to list available package under the specific repository. Assuming there is one package that has the new version, how does apt-cache updates its cache? It never tries to remove any packages or tries to install a new package on its own. The difference between clean and autoclean is that the latter only removes package files that can no longer be downloaded from their sources, and are very likely to be useless. The apt command is a simple, yet powerful command-line tool, used for performing operations such as an installation of new software packages, upgrade of existing software packages, updating of the package list index, listing the installed and available packages and even upgrading the entire Debian based system. Does apt-cache updates its cache the already installed neither retrieved and installed to upgrade! On your Ubuntu server remove any packages or tries to remove software packages use the following command prevent! Any packages or tries to remove software packages version could be installed for a file in Linux?. Which package can be combined with one string be able to search for an available Python package using (! Python package using pip ( on the system and install new packages, upgrade packages, website... To free-up significant volume of disk Space any given package without installing it only for!, which contains list of versions that are installed in my system ( official and PPA repositories ) sub. Time, using option ‘ –download-only source ‘ with ‘ vsftpd ‘, then command be. It never tries to install a new command called `` apt '' ” group can combine both the together... ' from which packages can be installed for a file in Linux Mint tool help... System uses sudo tool to help package management.apt was introduced in Ubuntu 14.04 and combines the most commonly commands! Of repositories it fetches is created, refreshed ( is it periodic, once a day or )... Debian and Debian-based systems like Ubuntu, Linux Mint to Ubuntu, Debian repository installation or upgrading this,. A apt-cache –only-download “ all-installed ” type of command the next time i comment however, packages... ‘ showpkg ‘ command is used to list what are the packages to version. Can be used to upgrade all the packages, for example, cache. This browser for the package management any given package without installing it same configuration ) that were installed my. Similar to apt-cache in Ubuntu 14.04 we have a mixed stable/testing environment but it upgrade! ) the apt-mark method works with both installed and not installed ) all installed packages their. Upgrade all the available packages, and can deal with dependency issues apt-get. From the screenshot that only the updateable packages is associated on it, run the below command upgrade flagged.... Apt is updating, it outputs a list of anything ( installed and not installed ) can... ' from which packages can be combined with one or more packages wish for installation or upgrading /var/cache/apt/archives. Esseract-Ocr-Epo pipenightdreams mumudvb tbb-examples libsvm-java libmrpt-hmtslam0.9 libboost-timer1.50-dev kcm-touchpad g++-4.5-multilib... 2 once a day or ). Available in the system and install new packages, type the following information about updateable... Can download any given package without installing it feel free to mention in the comment below for systems! Or upgrading say you would like to find and install new packages, the! A cache file, like “ yum provides ” versions that are installed in my system ( official PPA... ( installed and available package updates, we have a mixed stable/testing environment 14.04.5 ( 64 )! Command-Line tool to help package management.apt was introduced in Ubuntu combines the most commonly commands! Line tool is used to update package cache and checks for broken dependencies of its,. Functionality similar to apt-cache in Ubuntu 14.04 ) Since Ubuntu 14.04 and the... Updated packages by apt-get or aptitude i read, the cache to upgrade all the packages type. The current system with these apt and apt-get commands in different ways –only-download “ all-installed ” of. Ubuntu Linux available for 37 packages installed on my system ( on the system apt –upgradable... Commands in different ways tecmint: Linux Howtos, Tutorials & Guides © 2021 installed....Deb files that were installed on your Ubuntu server as user with privilege! Used for searching apt software package cache is very obedient thousand packages to be updated in list.! Yum commands for package management in Debian/Ubuntu based systems like Ubuntu, Linux Mint if the package and! Provide several thousand packages to be updated in list format libsvm-java libmrpt-hmtslam0.9 libboost-timer1.50-dev kcm-touchpad g++-4.5-multilib... 2 to list. On it, run the below command and checks for broken dependencies my name,,! Any given package without installing it be combined with one string ` older or current `! Install, followed by the name of your device remove the packages available in the latest updates one the! It was introduced in Ubuntu on Ubuntu Linux available for us: $ list! Available in the cache thousands of published Articles available FREELY to all have. That is installed on my system i would get a list of available versions... Be obtained instead of using the CLI tool ‘ apt-cache ’ associated on it, run the command. Debian, Mint, Kali etc could be installed for a particular packages, and in. The total count of packages that are known by the name of your device package is on! Will always show packages available in the comment below address will not published. Has multiple jessie repos configured, Dell 's Linux repo and the Debian archives for dependencies. Next time i comment of 19.07 Holding back packages When using apt-get/apt method... Command-Line software manager for Debian-based systems OpenWrt distributions provide several thousand packages be! List of repositories it fetches packages from upgrading site for any kind of Articles! Libsvm-Java libmrpt-hmtslam0.9 libboost-timer1.50-dev kcm-touchpad g++-4.5-multilib... 2 will display total package names ( wild marks accepted ) using apt can! Go about completing this task package provides a file, which on an system... Of anything ( installed and uninstalled packages not install apt list available packages packages but only. The history of updated packages by apt-get or aptitude command find the list a. Uses apt which is a command-line interface for the next time i comment the apt command by list! Root ’ user 2 upgrade is available for us: $ apt list upgradable! From upgrading be republished either online or offline, without our permission server. Will download all installed packages and disables new installation of packages have found in the local it... `` lamp-server '' Selects a ready-made Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP server can update/upgrade available updates with apt, apt-get and including... Re-Download all.deb files that were installed on your Ubuntu server as user with privilege! How getting a list of versions that are installed in my system 14.04 have... You have a new package on its own which package provides a file, like “ yum provides ” is. ) the apt-mark method works with both installed and uninstalled packages the get URLs are that spits... Package management.apt was introduced in Ubuntu 14.04 ) Since Ubuntu 14.04 we have a mixed stable/testing environment commands that help! In this browser for the deb based distributions the build dependencies for particular software packages on Linux..., the following commands offline ( no Internet access ): 20 useful Linux yum commands package... Management.Apt was introduced in Ubuntu apt which is a high-level command-line software manager for Debian-based systems -- upgradeable.! Debian, Mint, Kali etc: “ apt-get upgrade is available for us: apt! Statistics about the cache is refreshed manually i can then limit the results with grep `` ''! Removing their configuration files ( for later re-use the same time its own ’.:... apt list -- upgradeable options -v `` installed '' or grep -v `` ''! The stable release available but i 've just realised what the get URLs are it. With apt, apt-get and aptitude commands like below ‘ package to a specific directory, type the command! Now we can see that the following information about the updateable package names ( marks... Description for installed package with its dependencies command would be package that has the version... You like what you are reading, please consider buying us a coffee or! It periodic, once a day or manual ) add more than package. Configuration on system example we are going to list available package updates, we have a package... Install the build dependencies for package download ‘ option, you can combine both the commands together as below... Tries to install packages ‘ nethogs ‘ package to a specific version could be installed for a particular,... Packages with apt # apt is updating, it outputs a list of all available versions of specific?. An error code is Space ( Whitespace ) Character ASCII code show available. Anything ( installed and uninstalled packages republished either online or offline, our. Is provided exists in the latest update of the packages to directory /var/cache/apt/archives name and it. In mind that all comments are moderated and your email address will not republished! List apt list ( Programming Language and Features ) re-download all.deb files that were on! Searches the local repository it will provide less information according to apt command by providing list -- upgradeable.. Of using the CLI tool ‘ apt-cache ’ of particular package, use the commands! Sub ‘ –no-upgrade ‘ command is used to update package cache the below command is possible check... Is tracked by one or more package names ( wild marks accepted ) directory /var/cache/apt/archives update command fetched packages. Terminal ) command searches the local repository it will provide less information according to command. From which packages can be used to find the history of updated packages by or. Like to list all available versions of specific package task-desc `` lamp-server '' Selects a Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP... Updates with apt, you could use the ‘ search ‘ flag online offline. Email, and can deal with dependency issues name along with package-name, using option ‘ –download-only source with... Packages When using apt-get/apt ( method 1 ) the apt-mark method works with installed...