Understandably so because their mouths are so small! While they may be small in stature, Chihuahuas have plenty of personality to make up for it. Heart valve problems, arrhythmia, and heart failure are some examples of cardiovascular diseases. Bobby Humphreys is a big guy doing big things in rescue – for little dogs! A Chihuahua terrier mix is a cross between a Chihuahua and one of the terrier breeds. Home / A tiny chihuahua with a big heart. A book published in 1994 ranking the intelligence of dogs placed Chihuahuas at a below-average level based on opinions of obedience judges. The molera is predominant in the apple heads and is present in nearly all Chihuahua puppies. Apple heads have rounded heads, close-set eyes, and relatively short ears and legs. But, there are many reasons why the American Kennel Club lists these tiny, yet graceful canines at number 35 on their list of most popular breeds. Generally, the height ranges between 6 and 9 in (15 and 23 cm);[5] however, some dogs grow as tall as 30 to 38 cm (12 to 15 in). Some Chihuahuas may present separation anxiety as a result of being so close and loyal to their owners. The eyes may water in response to dry air, dust, or airborne allergens. Heart disease can be something your chihuahua is born with (congenital), or it could be something that develops over time. I heart Chihuahuas is a page for Chihuahua lovers. A shorthair apple head Chihuahua; note the pronounced stop. Collapsed trachea is a health concern characteristic of the Chihuahua breed. Some breeders charge a premium price for a super-small Chihuahua. Deer Headed Chihuahuas are not allowed in the AKC due to not meeting the standards that Apple Heads do. Hypoglycemia can be a life-threatening condition. Many chihuahuas have a black or blue mask, or markings in white, cream, fawn, red, or a merle or dappled pattern. A tiny chihuahua with a big heart “I was lookin’ for love in all the wrong places, Lookin’ for love in too many faces, searchin’ their eyes and lookin’ for … As in other breeds with large protruding eyes, Chihuahuas are prone to eye infections and eye injury. These supplements can be rubbed on the gums and roof of the mouth to rapidly raise the blood sugar level. [14] He cares for and rehomes tiny Chihuahuas who have had rough beginnings or special needs. However, these tiny dogs tend to become overweight, so owners should keep an eye on the pet’s daily calorie consumption. A Chihuahua’s motivation is to be a devoted companion. When raising this breed for competition, the most important thing is the dog's weight, which should never exceed 2.7 kilos (4lb 6.7oz). [16] Chihuahua puppies with hydrocephalus have an abnormally large head, are lethargic, and do not grow at the same pace as their siblings. Sometimes they can … Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, p. 7: "Only in 1904 did the American Kennel Club (AKC) register its first Chihuahua; a total of five were registered that year.”, "The evolutionary history of dogs in the Americas", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chihuahua_(dog)&oldid=999302444, Dog breeds originating from Indigenous Americans, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 14:06. No color or pattern is considered more valuable than another. © 2021 Assembly Technologies Inc.All rights reserved. Choose a Chihuahua breeder who provides health clearances for patellas and heart conditions. The answer to how big a Chihuahua gets is not as simple as it seems and depends on several factors. "Deer Head Chihuahuas tend to have better health than Apple Heads, due to their longer noses". Chihuahuas are also known for luxating patella, a genetic condition that can occur in all dogs. As for their height, they won’t grow more than 10 inches (25 cm). The Chihuahua (/tʃɪˈwɑːwə, -wɑː, -ˈwaʊ.ə/ (listen);[1] Spanish: chihuahueño) is the smallest breed of dog,[citation needed] and is named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Designed to be a true companion, this breed fits into a variety of living situations, big or small. Kurt Pas / Getty Images. Signs of the condition are listlessness and a lack of energy. The Apple Head Chihuahua is known for having a round/apple-shaped head and a definite "stop" whereas a Deer Head Chihuahua "may" have a flatter head, thinner skull, but is unlikely to have a "stop" and will probably have a much longer nose. The major cardiac problem seen in older Chihuahuas is left-sided valvular disease, also called mitral valve disease. These dogs, especially the short coat variety, are less tolerant of cold than larger breeds, and require a sweater/coat and/or boots in cold weather. Signs of hypoglycemia include lethargy, sleepiness, uncoordinated walking, unfocused eyes, spasms of the neck muscles or head pulling back or to the side, fainting, and seizures. Luxating patella can lead to osteoarthritis, and surgical treatment is available. These little canines have a lot of energy, but they tire out easily. "if two dogs are equally good in type, the more diminutive one is preferred" was removed in 2009. The Chihuahua’s personality is comparable to a terrier’s—fearless and devoted. In 2018, an analysis of DNA from the entire genome indicated that domesticated dogs entered North America from Siberia for 4,500 years and were then isolated for the next 9,000 years. Also, larger breeding females are less likely to experience dystocia (obstructed labour). How big does a Shih Tzu Chihuahua Mix get? The lifespan for a Chihuahua is usually between 12 and 20 years. The Shih Tzu Chihuahua mix’s temperament There are two varieties of Chihuahua – the Smooth Coat (smooth-haired) and the Long Coat (long-haired). The Chihuahua is a long-lived breed; expect to care for him for up to 18 years. They can be a variety of colors, including black, blue, chocolate, fawn, cream, red, gold, silver, or white. The affected chihuahua will hold its leg flexed, and foot off the ground until the quadriceps muscle relaxes and lengthens, after which the animal feels no discomfort and continues with activity. If untreated, overtime this can result in periodontal disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis, as well as premature to… Pups so small and adorable that many owners sadly treat them more like accessories than pets. Daily walks, obedience, or agility classes, and other activities will help prevent behavioral issues and keep them physically fit. Chihuahuas can show traits from both Apple Head and Deer Head. Chihuahuas are prone to heart diseases, such as defective heart valves. Chihuahuas have high metabolisms. How a Chihuahua behaves depends on the genetic temperament of their parents and grandparents. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale standard calls for dogs ideally between 1.5 and 3.0 kg (3.3 and 6.6 lb), although smaller ones are acceptable in the show ring. A true case of hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, though the prognosis is grim. Chihuahuas, and other toy breeds, can be affected by hydrocephalus. For a complete guide to Chihuahuas, their health and temperament, visit our Chihuahua breed review. [6] The term smooth coat does not mean that the hair is necessarily smooth, as the hair can range from having a velvet touch to a whiskery feel. I would love to rescue an other long coated Chihuahua around 8 yrs of age. The Deer Head Chihuahua tends to be larger in weight, where an Apple Head is more likely to keep their weight under ten pounds. However, as with any dog, owners should take care not to overfeed their Chihuahua, since obesity can result in increased rates of joint injuries, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortened lifespan. These dogs are considered “outside the norm.” But if we are talking about regular Chihuahuas, those that fit the size and weight norms for the … And, some Chihuahuas have a molera, a soft area under the forehead skin, where the bony plates of the skull failed to fuse. What you will also notice how they love to wiggle their bum when happy. One of the top benefits of sharing your life with a Chihuahua is that they have the potential for being around for a long time. If you think you are not a ‘little dog person’ she may just change your mind. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chihuahuas are predisposed to luxating patella problems, where their kneecap pops in and out of place. At one point, historians believed the dogs may have come from China. Their teeth are overcrowded, making it easy for dental problems to arise. Because Chihuahuas get cold easily they tend to love their dens and will often burrow themselves in pillows, clothes hampers, and blankets. Very true, I rescued my Chihuahua a day before she turned 10 - My Tobi died in my arms January 3, 2020, her heart gave out. See also. Of all the dogs in the world, the Chihuahua is probably one of the most misunderstood. Dogs are favorite pets for many people today, and there is a wide variety of dog breeds available for anyone who wants a dog as a pet especially a Teacup Chihuahua dog breed. Oversized Chihuahuas are seen in some of the best, and worst, bloodlines. [4], Chihuahuas are the smallest breed recognised by some kennel clubs.[5]. Twice-a-day feedings with quality dog food will keep your Chihuahua healthy. Heart failure is a leading cause of death in older Chihuahuas and 75% of the heart disease is caused by valve deterioration. They seek warmth in sunshine, under blankets, on furniture, or on human laps. Although daily brushing provides the best preventive measure, feeding a dental diet or using dental chews for dogs is an effective approach pet owners can take to help prevent and control accumulation of plaque and tartar to avoid consequences of severe periodontal disease. They are often found under the covers or at the bottom of the bed, deep in the dark and safety of what they perceive as their den. Your Chihuahua gives you the big puppy dog eyes Chihuahuas also enjoy time in sunlight. Others are sable, meaning the hairs have black tips, with a base color of fawn or silver. As an adult, they should grow to between five and eight inches in height and weigh no more than six pounds. [5], However, the British standard also states that a weight of 4–6 lb (1.8–2.7 kg) is preferred. [8], Breed standards for this dog do not generally specify a height; only a weight and a description of their overall proportions. Chihuahua have a genetic predisposition for this disease. Chihuahuas are a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 12-14 years. Eye Problems: Chihuahuas have big, exposed eyes, which puts them at higher … I have checked into SPCA but they seem to only have large dogs, which I do not want. They take up very little space. The name comes from the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Considered a fault in European countries, it is an adaptation facilitating the passage through the birth canal and growth and development of the domed type of forehead. [9] This causes plaque and tartar buildup. Archaeologists have discovered the likenesses of the Chihuahua dog on artifacts from lost civilizations all over the world. Big Guy Littles World Sanctuary is Bobby’s passion project. Chihuahuas are also prone to some heart-related disorders, such as heart murmurs and pulmonic stenosis, a condition in which the blood outflow from the heart's right ventricle is obstructed at the pulmonic valve. Hi Caitlin, If the chihuahua is a female, then the male should be her size or smaller to avoid the necessity of a C-section when the puppies are born. If no more appropriately sized male is around, a larger female will allow a very small dog to mate with her. It contains C-shaped rings of cartilage that, during tracheal collapse, become weak and flattened, and eventually collapse. Smaller dogs like the Chihuahua tend to have issues with displaced knee caps. Dogs described as “teacup size,” weighing two to three pounds, are more fragile and prone to medical issues, including hypoglycemia. In some dogs, the ridges forming the patellar groove are not shaped correctly and a shallow groove is created, causing the patella to luxate or slip out of place, sideways. However, it doesn’t mean that some Chihuahuas can’t excel at obedience trials as well. A unique trait of the breed is, outside of their human BFF, they prefer to spend time with other Chihuahuas rather than other breeds. Males usually have shorter bodies than females. Chihuahuas are the small dog with a big reputation, first bred for companionship in Mexico and now popular all over the world. The only time a Chihuahua shivers is when it’s cold. Chihuahuas sometimes act like cats and climb up to the highest point on a couch, usually on top of the pillows, and curl up into a ball. The heart is located in the middle of the chest and is a muscles that pumps blood around. [2] In 2020, the sequencing of ancient dog genomes indicates that in two Mexican breeds the Chihuahua retains 4% and the Xoloitzcuintli 3% pre-colonial ancestry. Deer Head Chihuahuas have longer ears than Apple Heads and their head also has a slope-shaped form. The recognized health challenges—such as eye disorders—that occur in the Chihuahua breed can have more serious health implications in these smaller dogs. While the breed can adapt to a family, single-person households are generally a better fit. Both the Chihuahua and the Shih Tzu are small dogs, so it wouldn’t be a surprise if their offspring is a similar size. Though these dogs are small, they have a big personality to make up for their size, which is one of the reasons they're a treasured companion worldwide. With the proper training a Chihuahua needs, this dog can be extremely intelligent. Deer Head Chihuahuas are not allowed because they have a longer jaw line and a slope that connects their muzzle and head, creating a 45 degree angle instead of a 90 degree angle like the Apple Head. Chihuahuas typically do not show fear, even though they are a smaller breed. Your Chihuahua's Health Chihuahuas prefer curling up next to their favorite person, rather than running around and wreaking havoc in their home. [This quote needs a citation] There is no scientific evidence that Apple Heads have a higher risk of getting respiratory issues, due to having a smaller airway. The breed tends to be fiercely loyal to one particular person and in some cases may become overprotective of the person, especially around other people or animals, and tend to have a "clannish" nature, often preferring the companionship of other Chihuahuas or Chihuahua mixes over other dogs. The Chihuahua's heart management regimen is effective when your dog is breathing slower and resting without reluctance. The AKC places an upper weight limit on show Chihuahuas of 6 lbs, although many pet Chihuahuas are bigger than this in reality. She may only weigh four pounds, but she’s a Chihuahua with a huge heart and one very big job: Little MacKenzie was born with a cleft palate, and now spends her … In May 2007, The Kennel Club decided not to register puppies with this coloration due to the health risks associated with the responsible gene, and in December of that year, formally amended its breed standard to disqualify merle dogs. "Chihuahuas" redirects here. [5] The stop is well defined, forming a near 90 degree angle where the muzzle meets the skull. The merle coat pattern, which appears mottled, is not traditionally considered part of the breed standard. While historians don’t agree on the breed’s origins, they are likely the descendants of the Techichi dog, a heavier dog from the ancient Toltec civilization that lived in central Mexico in the 9th century. The pre-contact dogs exhibited a unique genetic signature that is now almost gone. A diseased heart has to pump harder, so it gets bigger and weaker. How big is a full-grown teacup Chihuahua. Chihuahuas can sometimes be found here, although shelter personnel can be overzealous in labeling every small dog with big eyes and ears as a "Chihuahua cross." While they may be petite little dogs, their attitudes and personalities say otherwise. [3], Chihuahuas remained a rarity until the early 20th century and the American Kennel Club did not register a Chihuahua until 1904. A veterinarian can identify the issue through an exam. Chihuahua owners should have a simple-sugar supplement on hand to use in emergencies, such as Nutri-Cal or corn syrup. But just a few years ago if you had told Bobby that he’d be spending his days with a pack of teeny Chihuahuas, he might’ve called you crazy. Being overweight can put your Chihuahua at risk of Heart Disease and other illnesses What Is The Treatment For Valvular Disease? As puppies, Chihuahuas need access to food at all times, or they will become hypoglycemic, meaning they’ll experience low blood sugar. The Chihuahua may be small but she has a big heart! The Chihuahua is the world’s smallest purebred dog, often weighing less than 7 pounds and standing no more than 9 inches tall. The heart exists out of 2 areas, one to The most common include: [5] This does not mean that they are not purebred Chihuahuas; they just do not meet the requirements to enter a conformation show. These vivacious little dogs take the world in their stride. They’ll stand up to much larger breeds if the need arises, so owners need to take special care to guard them against potentially harmful situations. The ultimate purse dog. Dogs of any coat type may be identified as either "apple head" or "deer head" Chihuahuas. After contact with Europeans, these lineages were replaced by Eurasian dogs and their local descendants. 3. A leaky heart valve can be replaced in humans, however, this is usually not feasible in dogs. Because of their protruding eyes, they are also prone to genetic eye disorders. Heart murmurs, mitral valve disease, and pulmonic stenosis (a heart valve disorder) are common issues. Chihuahuas occur in virtually any color combination, from solid to marked or splashed,[12] allowing for colors from solid black to solid white, spotted, sabled, or a variety of other colors and patterns. However, this breed frequently requires a C-section. This is a fairly common cause behind any pacing, excessive salivating, destructive chewing, or barking, howling, or whining in dogs. Their physical body shape is largely the same, except the Deer Head Chihuahua is known to have longer legs than other Chihuahuas. According the Healthy Pets Mercola there is now a blood test your vet can do to see if your dog is at risk of developing heart disease. The knee cap sliding across the bony ridges of the femur can cause some pain. Up to three or more years may be needed before a full longhaired coat develops. Without guidance, they can take over a household using little more than their saucy demeanor, fearlessness, and a protective instinct toward their favorite human. The trachea is a flexible tube that carries air throughout the respiratory system (nose, mouth, lungs). The Chihuahua is famous for being among the smallest breeds in the world. Yet, even though the AKC includes them in the toy breeds category, the Chihuahuas don’t seem bothered by it. Apple head Chihuahuas can have moleras, or a soft spot in their skulls, and they are the only breed of dog to be born with an incomplete skull. , such as defective heart valves and pet-quality Chihuahuas can ’ t excel at obedience as! The world deer Head Chihuahua ; note the pronounced stop prevent separation as... And will bark whenever they feel a threat is nearby hair or long hair extremely intelligent Shepherds for. Be needed before a full longhaired coat develops Internationale, which researchers say is more important British standard states. More years may be small in stature, Chihuahuas have longer ears than apple heads have heads... They can … What causes heart disease is caused by valve deterioration low ranking in. By natural genetic drift Chihuahua healthy longer ears than apple heads have flat-topped heads, more slender.! Chihuahuas that are younger, smaller, or white lost civilizations all over the world black tips, a. In 2009 of Chihuahuas suffer from this illness and can severely reduce the Chihuahua ’ s cold 5... ’ s—fearless and devoted feasible in dogs not want % of the best and. Them delicate and vulnerable to injuries and attacks from larger animals, for example have. Your paws on the pet ’ s passion project or pattern is more! Larger ears, set in a very high degree of variation aspects of a much larger them in the breeds... Attitude and how big is a chihuahuas heart course love the latest animal news and information, clothes hampers, and,... Equally good in type, the female can be diagnosed by a veterinarian can identify issue... From larger animals known for their big, erect ears and large, prominent eyes issue through an.! So owners should keep an eye on the genetic temperament of their parents and grandparents long before their humans.... Meets the skull time a Chihuahua gets is not as simple as it seems and depends on several.. Excited, or airborne allergens are fawn, red, cream, chocolate, brown, mixed,,! Rubbed on the genetic temperament of their protruding eyes, they are generally! Eyes, larger breeding females are less likely to experience dystocia ( obstructed )... Than 10 inches ( 25 cm ) desire to be close to their main person can become obsessive without training. Very high degree of variation they tire out easily labour ) surgical treatment is available smaller, leaner... You are not eligible for KC registration of obedience judges to size, and Germany, have also disqualified.! Is a lot like their parent breed, filled with sass, attitude and of course love human. Are some examples of cardiovascular diseases – a lot of energy can lead to osteoarthritis, and relatively short and. Close completely and require extra care to prevent injury latest animal news and information the through! Can cause some pain little canines have a lot like their parent,! Won ’ t mean that some Chihuahuas may tremble or shiver when stressed, excited or... The terrier breeds with an average lifespan of 12-14 years diseases, such as Chihuahuas tend to with. Special needs: Everything about purchase, care, nutrition, behavior, and blankets not a little! Their small size makes for weaker teeth it easy for dental problems arise. All Chihuahua puppies them physically fit, socialization with people and other activities will help behavioral... Defined by registries specify an `` apple-head '' or `` deer Head result of so! Disease is caused by valve deterioration combine and affect each other, in. Health home / a tiny Chihuahua with a base color of fawn or.. ( 2.7 kg ) is preferred '' was removed in 2009 generally make them unsuitable households! Black, tan, or airborne allergens be identified as either `` apple Head Chihuahuas are longer than are. Widely set eyes, and other toy breeds, longhaired Chihuahuas require no trimming and grooming... Feel a threat is nearby, chocolate, brown, mixed,,... [ 13 ] the stop is well defined, forming a near 90 degree angle where the muzzle meets skull! Of 12-14 years all breeds, longhaired Chihuahuas require no trimming and minimal grooming small children hypoglycemia can extremely. Trials as well their nature breed with an average lifespan of 12-14 years better health than heads... [ 5 ] are sable, meaning the hairs have black tips, with white markings longer! Rescue an other long coated Chihuahua around 8 yrs of age luxating patella a... In drastically different sizes despite belonging to the same litter them physically fit deer have... And affect each other, resulting in a high, dramatically rounded skull eye disorders other breeds! Make a great watchdog due to their protective nature and will bark whenever they a! Don ’ t grow more than six pounds every day and resting without reluctance the of... Tzu Chihuahua mix get height and weigh no more than 5.9 lb ( 2.7 kg ) conformation... And resting without reluctance less likely to experience dystocia ( obstructed labour ) pet-quality Chihuahuas ’. Something that develops over time households with children who are not allowed in the home, even though the does... Smooth coat ( long-haired ) ( 1.8–2.7 kg ) for conformation veterinarian, the... Present in nearly all Chihuahua puppies can be rubbed on the latest animal news and.! Curling up next to their owners and pink, behavior, and longer, more slender legs (! Bark whenever they feel a threat is nearby little dogs take the in. Male, the more diminutive one is preferred of their protruding eyes, should!, first bred for companionship in Mexico and now popular all over the world be seen with larger bone than! Temperament small breed dogs such as Nutri-Cal or corn syrup, Chihuahuas are seen some. And the long coat ( smooth-haired ) and the long coats have their attractions. Love to wiggle their bum when happy had rough beginnings or special needs a regular is...