Not sure what college you want to attend yet? In this way, Homer impresses on the reader the enormity of the loss to the Achaian forces. study Similarly, Rumour is sent to disseminate a certain mood among the troops—to put an idea into their heads. Athene circulates among the men raising their strength for the fight. As the troops prepare for attack, Homer uses the opportunity to give us his first epic catalog of The Iliad. 1899 In Book 1 of Homer's The Iliad, the setting and basic conflict of the story was established. "Iliad Summary". The armies are called together and Agamemnon tests them by telling them to give up and go home. The Achaens are camped outside the walls of the city of Troy. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons It gives us a better understanding in particular of Odysseus and Nestor, and their roles as wise, levelheaded advisers who attempt to rein in the headstrong Agamemnon and the temperamental Achilles. Already a member? Here you'll find an approximately one-page summary of each book, a description of the major characters and sometimes places, and an English translation. Agamemnon then calls the men to battle and they disperse to prepare, sacrificing to the gods and praying that they will escape death in the coming battle. Select a subject to preview related courses: The catalog begins with the leader of each contingent and describes the area of the Greek islands that they hail from. Achilleus is named “by far the strongest,” and Aias the best without him. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. 2–3 The floor is golden because most things divine were: thrones, cups (as in 3), clothes and accoutrements; golden clouds surround the mountaintop at 13.523 and 14.343f. Odysseus recognizes this and physically suppresses him with blows. Book Six continues on the same day of fighting, and the Achaians have the advantage. The Iliad, an epic poem attributed to Homer and the oldest extant piece of European literature, is conventionally divided into 24 books. The Catalog of Ships is the most famous example of the epic catalog, and is thought to have directly inspired other epic catalogs, such as the catalog of ships in Book 10 of Virgil's The Aeneid and the catalog of demons in John Milton's Paradise Lost. There is much controversy over the historical accuracy of the Catalog of Ships, but it is generally acknowledged to contain a mix of actual history and legend and to have been passed down orally for generations, perhaps initially separate from the narrative of The Iliad. The narrative begins nine years after the start of the war, as the Achaeans sack a Trojan-allied town and capture two beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. In these books the reader is presented with the main conflicts, the main characters, and how the Gods are involved in the war. - Information, Structure & Scoring, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Visit the 10th Grade English: Help and Review page to learn more. Quiz & Worksheet - The Iliad Book 2 Summary, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Argonautica Plot Synopsis: The Myth of Jason and the Argonauts, The Bible as Literary Influence: References and Allusion, The Eumenides by Aeschylus: Summary, Characters & Analysis, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God by Mary Rowlandson: Summary & Explanation, Who is Aesop? Zeus is kept up at night trying to devise the best plan to honor Achilles by harming the Achaeans. The reader can clearly see that the gods are not just aware of the actions of men, but are constantly manipulating them. How the themes of 'Nostos' and 'Kleos' work in Homer's Iliad. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Book 1. This totally backfires, though, and his men start packing their stuff. Descriptions also include historic information and distinguish the leaders, either by ancestry or by accomplishment. While the Achaians are getting ready, Zeus sends Iris, the messenger of the gods, to warn the Trojans. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Character Descriptions Discussion Questions The Iliad: Book 2 Summary & Analysis. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for COVID-19 relief—Join Now! Although Agamemnon is completely convinced of victory in this next battle, we know that Zeus has set him up for failure. Zeus is satisfied with her explanation and tells he… Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Positive Learning Environments in Physical Education, Curriculum Development for Physical Education, Creating Routines & Schedules for Your Child's Pandemic Learning Experience, How to Make the Hybrid Learning Model Effective for Your Child, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning, Christmas in Latin America: Traditions, Food & Decorations, What are Online Learning Tools? The two warriors engage in a decisive duel. Indicated here are the leader of each army, the land they are from, and how many ships they brought with them to Troy. After a long and complicated conflict between Agamemnon, the leader of the Achaens, and Achilles, their best warrior, Achilles goes to pout in his tent and refuses to fight, severely hindering the Achaens' chances. Book Two opens with Zeus’ plan to aid Achilleus in his revenge. The Iliad Book 2. Zeus knows that this increases the possibility of Agamemnon believing and acting on the message. The narrator then gives us a long list of the army divisions of the Achaians. Thersites: obnoxious, insubordinate Achaian, Iris: messenger goddess sent by Zeus to warn Trojans of attack. Log in here for access. 's' : ''}}. Summary The poet invokes a muse to aid him in telling the story of the rage of Achilles, the greatest Greek hero to fight in the Trojan War. Services. The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. © copyright 2003-2021 What relevance does the Iliad have in modern times? Zeus tricks Agamemnon by convincing him in a dream that his forces could win if they launched a full-scale assault against the walls of Troy. Agamemnon wakes from his dream convinced that the Achaians will now defeat Troy. Theodore Alois Buckley, M.A., F.S.A. Homer then gives the history of the particular kingdom and lineage of the leaders, as well as a description of how many ships it took to transport the men. And this plan seemed to his mind the best, to send to Agamemnon, son of Atreus, a baneful dream. The Iliad book 2 short summary . Agamemnon, who is a powerful leader but not the smartest leader, nearly dooms the whole mission by telling the men to go home as a test of their bravery, only to be dismayed when they take him up on it. The Iliad: Book 2. However, while Dream succeeded in convincing Agamemnon of the message from Zeus, Rumour was apparently unsuccessful in spurring the army on to battle. A lack of commitment to the fight is clearly shown when Agamemnon tests the warriors and they rush to their ships to abandon the cause. Athene reminds Odysseus of the many men already dead, and how pointless their deaths will be if the cause is not won. When Zeus sends Dream in the form of Nestor, he consciously chooses the person that Agamemnon most respects and trusts. p. Chapter Summary for Homer's The Iliad, book 2 summary. Log in here. Books 1-4; Books 5-8; Books 9-12; Books 13-16; Books 17-20 ; Books 21-24; Related Links; Quizzes - Test Yourself! | Summary of Iliad Book I | Main Characters | Notes | Iliad Study Guide Song of the Wrath of Achilles . Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal After she passes along Zeus's message, Hektor, the greatest Trojan war… He realizes immediately that while he was 'distracted' (i.e. A major conflict in this book is presented by Thersites. Zeus is pretty ticked at Hera for orchestrating Hector's assault and the rout of the Trojans. Word Count: 935, New Characters Anyone can earn He accuses Agamemnon of waging this war for his own selfish gain. Iliad Books 1-4 Analysis The Summit The Iliad Books 1-4 set the stage for the rest of the book. Apollo's priest Chryses comes to the Achaian camp and asks to ransom back his daughter Chryseis, who has been captured. Odysseus then takes Agamemnon’s scepter and urges the men back to the battle, egging them on with taunts of their weakness and cowardly nature. Create your account, Already registered? will help you with any book or any question. just create an account. The messenger goddess Iris is sent to the Trojans to warn them of the Achaian attack. Hebe pours (literally ‘wine-pours’) their nectar; as Aristarchus noted (Arn/A), she is not here married to Herakles as in the probable rhapsodic addition at Od. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. courses that prepare you to earn In Robert Fagles' beautifully rendered text, the Iliad overwhelms us afresh. imaginable degree, area of Free Book 10 summary of The Iliad by Homer. The average warrior in the Achaian force has no personal interest in the cause—only Menelaos does. This is a dumb idea, especially since Achilles is still pouting, but Agamemnon decides to do it anyway. In hopes of boosting the troops' low morale, Nestor then tells Agamemnon that they should arrange the troops by the cities they came from, so they can fight alongside other members of their clans. In this dream, Agamemnon is led to believe that all the gods favor him. But it also introduces us to the leadership of the Achaen forces and their various dysfunctions. - Information, Structure & Scoring, Louisiana Alternative Teacher Certification, What Is the PSAT 10? GradeSaver, 27 August 2000 Web. Use this evolving study guide for assistance in isolating what's important. Without Achilleus and his army, the battle will be much more difficult for the Achaians. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. It is important that the armies be united as they go to battle. In this epic catalog, also known as the Catalog of Ships, Homer describes the Achaen forces in detail, going city-by-city and including descriptions of the most powerful warriors like Achilles and Ajax. Adrestos is captured by Menelaos and pleads for his life, promising ransom. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. THE ILIAD BOOK 2, TRANSLATED BY A. T. MURRAY [1] Now all the other gods and men, lords of chariots, slumbered the whole night through, but Zeus was not holden of sweet sleep, for he was pondering in his heart how he might do honour to Achilles and lay many low beside the ships of the Achaeans. The men are convinced to stay. The Achaians have been waging war with Troy for nine years. Summary. ©2021, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Practice using these by pronouncing them out loud: use them in conversations with friends for instance (it's very hard to remember a name you can't pronounce!). The epic catalog is a common feature of epics in which the poet gives a long list of important people or things in the story. Choose from 500 different sets of the iliad book 2 flashcards on Quizlet. However, before he does, Agamemnon decides to test his men's courage by telling them to pack up and go home, while hoping they will refuse. Bk II:1-47 Agamemnon’s dream ‘Agamemnon’s dream’ - Crispijn van de Passe (I), 1613 There was no sweet sleep for Zeus, though the other gods and the warriors, those lords of the chariot, slept all night long, since he was wondering how to honour Achilles and bring death to the Achaeans beside their ships. Plunging us into the ninth year of the 10-year Trojan War, Homer introduces us to the Achaens, or the soldiers representing the various allied Greek cities. Paris runs out in front of the Trojan army and starts prancing around. In addition to the Catalog of Ships, and the smaller catalog of the Trojan forces, Book 2 is also important for its introduction of many of the main characters. Thank you! - Biography, Fables & Morals, Biological and Biomedical has thousands of articles about every The two armies—Trojan and Achaian—have formed battle lines and are approaching each other on the plain. Create an account to start this course today. David has a Master's in English literature. 2. Book 2 of Homer's 'The Iliad' includes the famous Catalog of Ships and introduces the shrewdness and levelheadedness of Odysseus and Nestor, which are needed to balance the headstrong leadership of Agamemnon. Summary 1–14 The two armies advance against each other across the plain. Engaged Students and Experiential Learning: Speaks to Diana Laufenberg at the Science Leadership Academy, 10 Ways Leadership Roles Will Help You Succeed After College, Salary for a PhD in Organizational Leadership, Business Leadership Courses and Classes Overview, Best Educational Leadership Programs: List of Top Schools, Learn About Leadership and Teamwork From Rear Admiral Sandra Stosz, the First Female Superintendent of the Coast Guard Academy, Graduate Degrees in Safety Leadership: Program Options, Crisis Leadership Training Program Overview, Executive Leadership Training and Certification Program Information, Be a Game Artist: Requirements and Information, Power Systems Engineer: Job Description & Salary, Educational Counseling Doctorate Programs, What College Students Should Know About Filing Taxes, Occupational Therapy Schools in New Jersey, College Lessons Learned Outside the Classroom, 5 Ways to Tell if a School Is Right for You, Text Analysis and Close Reading for 10th Grade: Help and Review, Developing as a Reader and Writer in 10th Grade English: Help and Review, Reading and Understanding in Various Media: Help and Review, Literary Forms and Genres for 10th Grade: Help and Review, Shakespeare for 10th Grade: Help and Review, African American Writers: Help and Review, British Fiction for 10th Grade: Help and Review, American Prose for 10th Grade: Help and Review, Ancient Literature for 10th Grade: Help and Review, Introduction to Literary Criticism: Help and Review, The Writing Process for 10th Grade: Help and Review, Using Source Materials in 10th Grade English: Help and Review, Conventions in 10th Grade Writing - Usage: Help and Review, Elements of 10th Grade Grammar: Help and Review, 10th Grade Grammar Usage: Help and Review, Punctuation in 10th Grade Writing: Help and Review, Strategies for Reading Literary Nonfiction, Characteristics of Major Literary Movements, AP English Language: Homeschool Curriculum, Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Speaking & Listening: Standards, Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Literature: Standards, Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Language: Standards, Common Core ELA - Informational Text Grades 11-12: Standards, Common Core ELA - Informational Text Grades 9-10: Standards, Technical Writing Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, College Composition Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, American Literature Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Analyzing & Interpreting Literature for Teachers: Professional Development, American Literature for Teachers: Professional Development, English Literature for Teachers: Professional Development, College Composition for Teachers: Professional Development, Strategies for Logical Reasoning Questions on the LSAT, Recognizing Misunderstandings & Points of Disagreement, Using the IRAC Method on the LSAT Writing Sample, Quiz & Worksheet - The Premature Burial Summary, Quiz & Worksheet - Figurative Language in The Raven, Quiz & Worksheet - Figurative Language in The Tell-Tale Heart, Quiz & Worksheet - Satire in The Devil & Tom Walker, Quiz & Worksheet - Elements of Romanticism, Short Stories: Cask of Amontillado, Most Dangerous Game, Scarlet Ibis, Epic & Myth: The Odyssey & Perseus and Medusa, Drama: To Kill a Mockingbird & Romeo and Juliet, Poetry: Hope is the Thing with Feathers, The Raven & In Just, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. Zeus wakes up after being seduced and duped by Hera. And the plan he thought seemed best was to send a false dream to Agamemnon. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Odysseus reminds the men of the prophecy that they would defeat Troy after nine years, and that they had taken a vow to not leave until Troy fell. Then Nestor addresses the assembly, reminding the men of the pledges they had made to the cause and of the lightning seen on the right side of the boats as they sailed to Troy, signifying victory. Get a detailed summary and analysis of every chapter in the book from The Iliad begins with the poet calling on the Muse to sing of the wrath of Achilleus and its consequences. Zeus wakes up and sends a dream to Agamemnon instructing him to attack Troy full force. The Iliad of Homer Translated by Alexander Pope, with notes by the Rev. The deceitful murder of Dolon is … Perhaps the most important and famous part of Book 2 is the epic catalog. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Odysseus' speech works, and the men are persuaded to stay. Last Updated on June 1, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. While Thersites comes across as being obnoxious and laughable, his arguments are not without merit. Cite this page. He has taught college English for 5+ years. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Thersites points to Agamemnon’s weakness as a ruler, which will become more evident as the epic continues. Zeus is said to send his “messengers” Dream and Rumour in order to accomplish some purpose. Discussion and Analysis Hera plays dumb, batting her eyelashes and claiming she had nothing to do with it - it was all Poseidon, she swears! first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. However, one warrior, Thersites, refuses to listen to Odysseus’ reasoning. Zeus’ plan is not to aid Agamemnon, but instead to help the Trojans, thus assisting Achilleus in avenging himself against his enemy. The Iliad (Book) : Homer : The centuries old epic about the wrath of Achilles is rendered into modern English verse by a renowned translator and accompanied by an introduction that reassesses the identity of Homer. Indeed, we know that Agamemnon’s foolishness has already alienated his best warrior, Achilleus. The dynamic between the powerful but shortsighted pair of Agamemnon and Achilles and the more levelheaded duo of Nestor and Odysseus will be a recurring element in the story. The Iliad Book 2. Taking the shape of Polites, the son of the Trojan king Priam, Iris finds the Trojan elders in a meeting. making love to his wife wrapped in a cloud of gold, and then lulled into slumber by the god Sleep), Hector, a Trojan prince, has nearly been killed. Eventually the prodding is rewarded, and the troops turn back. In Book Two we see two prominent examples of personification: Dream and Rumour. Odysseus urges the armies to stay and fight, reminding them of the sign they received before taking on the cause. Summary Book 2 Summary To help the Trojans, as promised, Zeus sends a false dream to Agamemnon in which a figure in the form of Nestor persuades Agamemnon that he can take Troy if he launches a full-scale assault on the city’s walls. The book ends with the Trojan forces noticing the Achaens getting ready for battle and preparing their own forces, under the control of Hector, the son of Troy's king Priam. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Iliad, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. He is saved by Odysseus, who gives an inspiring speech, and Nestor, who arranges the men by homeland to give them incentive to fight. 1, 3, 5 & 6. On the Greek side, Menelaos sees Paris and thinks this looks like a good opportunity to … Outline of Homer's Iliad . and Flaxman's Designs. As soon as they are given the opportunity, they are more than ready to abandon the cause. While it is obvious that Thersites is unpopular among the men, his outburst is still dangerous. Zeus sends Agamemnon the message that the gods are now on the Achaian side, and that they will be victorious in their campaign against Troy. Book Two opens with Zeus’ plan to aid Achilleus in his revenge. - Definition, Types & Examples, Impact of Partnership Liabilities on Partners' Basis for Federal Income Tax Purposes, Quiz & Worksheet - Comparing Design Thinking & Traditional Problem Solving, Quiz & Worksheet - Short-Term & Long-Term Securities, Quiz & Worksheet - Censorship in Orwell's 1984, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Argumentative and Persuasive Essay Topics for Teachers, FTCE Physics 6-12 (032): Test Practice & Study Guide, 12th Grade English: Homework Help Resource, McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 15: The New Deal, AP World History - Rise of the Roman Republic: Homeschool Curriculum, Quiz & Worksheet - Characteristics of Ziggurats, Quiz & Worksheet - Brand Equity Components & Measurement, Quiz & Worksheet - Sensation in Psychology, What are Social Networks?